sudo is a commonly used linux command which grants a command with root permission temporarily. However, as its code is bloated and complicated settings, it usually happens of misconfiguration, not mention to commonly reports about vulnerabilities including the latest one [1].

Alternatives of sudo

As a consequence, there are many alternatives of sudo not only to avoid security vulnerabilities but also configuration in simplicity.


On famous substitution is doas. Originated from freeBSD, doas aims to provide a lightweighted package and less complex setting for grant root permission [2].

If you want to try doas, you can install it either with your distro’s package manager or here.


Seen commonly in RHEL distro, polkit is yet-another substitution of sudo. Unlike sudo, it does not grant root permission to a whole process, but allows a finer control of control of centralized system policy [3].

What’s more, polkit restricts actions – such as running dd – and users by group or by name. [3]


sudo is used for granting temporary root permission for a process. However, due to its complex configuration and code size, we often get the news about its vulnerabilities. As a result, there are a lot of sudo substitution aims either simple configuration or less code size, or even both. In this article, I introduce two of them: doas and polkit.

Nevertheless, many of sudo substitution, including doas and polkit, are not fully tested in harsh condition. So if you want to use these alternatives in production, measure your risk!